PROJECT | SANITATION
Obviously a very important link in the chain of managing the relief camps is to ensure that infrastructure is in place to cope with the massive influx of refugees into the camps and sanitation is one of the major priorities, for without proper hygiene these people are susceptible to epidemics and skin infections.
Adequate toilet and showering facilities to cope with up to 1000-1500 people in a camp is a priority in many of the villages, like Tembok Desa in Buleleng Regency, which is one of the closest villages to the Mt. Agung exclusions areas and is no exception. Tembok's normal population is around 7,000 but at the height of the Level 4 evacuations this number swelled to around 15,000 overstretching the village infrastructure to breaking point.
Ten million rupiah (Rp10,000,000) around AUD$1,000 is enough to build a 5 cubicle toilet and shower block we have one funded and underway but several more are needed. As is the case with most projects of this nature our funding provides the materials to build the project with much of the labour coming from the local villagers and evacuees themselves to complete the project.
PROJECT | HOUSING
The strength of the Mt. Agung's imminent eruption is unknown and potentially could see refugees displaced for a very long period of time, certainly months but in some cases it could be years, even permanently if villages and hamlets are wiped out completely by ash, landslides and lava or lahars (which are basically cold lava flows of ash and rain water that turn into mud and set like concrete making land arid and un-useable). Many of the relief camps are made up of makeshift shelters which are usually either large tents or corrugated tin sheds. Given the type of materials used for their roof construction (ie canvas or tin) they are extremely hot, poorly ventilated and very cramped.
Traditional homes in Bali use Alang-Alang (or grass thatched) roofs mainly because the cost of thatching is cheap and the thatching provides excellent thermal qualities absorbing the heat from the sun and open ended providing much needed ventilation. Tembok Village Head (Dewa Komang Yudi) has come up with a very cost effective plan to manufacture large scale eco-shelters capable of housing some 50-60 people that can be put up very quickly and being made from bamboo pole frames and traditions grass roofing are relatively cheap to build and are easily disassembled and moved to other areas or the materials used for other projects down the line.
For ten million rupiah, Rp10,000,000 (around AUD$1,000) one of these eco-shelters can be built that will house 50-60 refugees (at a cost of around $16 per person). We are looking at funding more of these eco-shelters within the 8 Tembok/Agung Relief camps.